E-Learning and Scorm

E-Learning and Scorm

E-learning refers to the use of electronic media and information and communication technologies (ICT) in education. E-learning is broadly inclusive of all forms of educational technology in learning and teaching.

In Simple Words “eLearning is electronic learning, in which the learner uses a computer to learn a task, skill, or process. It is also referred to as computer-based training, web-based training, and online learning.

Why E-Learning ?

eLearning can be even more effective than traditional learning , classroom learning. according to the report prepared for the U.S. Department of Education in August 2009. Another report by the ASTD organization recommended that to survive these tough economic times, companies may want to replace some of their instructor-led training with eLearning.

When it comes to training, we know it can be an expensive amd time consuming activity. When you talk about traditional classroom training , Travel time, hotel and meal costs, instructors are all significant expenses you can expect to incur. With eLearning, these expenses can be virtually prevented. Our digital world now provides the ability to learn online at a fraction of the usual cost of traditional training. Offering training online is your agile, cost-effective, customer-pleasing secret in this challenging economy.

The Benefits of E-Leaning

  • Lower costs
  • Faster delivery
  • More effective learning
  • Lower environmental impact

What is LMS ?

Learning Management System (LMS) is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of e-learning education courses or training programs

In other words : A learning management system (LMS) is a software application or Web-based technology used to



and assess a specific learning process.

Typically, a learning management system provides an instructor with a way to create and deliver content, monitor student participation, and assess student performance. A learning management system may also provide students with the ability to use interactive features such as threaded discussions, video conferencing, and discussion forums.

What is E-Leaning Course ?

It e-leaning course is a set of the content / learning me trials which can be play withing the LMS systems.

How to evolved your e-leaning course material

Now a days there are many e-learning softwares (LMS) and tools available in the markets so how can we made the course content reusable and cost effective that can be re-used by other LMS System

Example : “Consider scenario for car industry say “XYZ” they have their own learning management software to instruct their worker and employee . They have created different types of courses ( while the audio / visual object ) those plays into their LMS . Now some other company say “ABC” working in same car industry want to automate the training ( using e-learning course materials ) . They have set up their own LMS system. Here they need to have same training course materials which was already created ( or used ) by the company “XYZ”.

So here question arise how to make it ( course content ) reusable that will be used by other company / organization. Similar concept like “Plug and Play of DVD in any DVD player”

To resolve this The Advanced Distance Learning group, sponsored by the United States Department of Defense, has created a set of specifications called Shareable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) to encourage the standardization of learning management systems.

What is SCORM ?

Shareable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning.courses . It defines communications between client side content

SCORM is a really powerful tool for anyone involved in online training. Content can be created one time and used in many different systems and situations without modification. This plug-and-play functionality can be powerful within an organization but even more so across organizations. Content can be sold and delivered to the user more quickly, more robustly, and at a lower price.

The US Department of Defense has specified that all of its content must be delivered via SCORM. All of it. Industry is following suit, and the standard appears in a vast majority of RFPs to procure both training content and Learning Management Systems.

So this is all about making your course content reusable and cost effective

Tin can API – the next generation of scorm

Tin can api - the next generation of scorm

The Tin Can API is commonly referred to as “The Experience API” and “Next Generation SCORM.” SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) is a e-learning standards for packaging e-learning content to be delivered to LMSs.

It allows learning content and learning systems to speak to each other in a manner that records and tracks all types of learning experiences. Learning experiences are recorded in a Learning Record Store (LRS). LRSs can exist within traditional Learning Management Systems (LMSs) or on their own.

There are several drawbacks to SCORM. The Tin Can API allows for several new capabilities that SCORM didn’t, such as:

  • Increased the scope of e-learning by Taking outside of the web browser
  • E-learning in native mobile applications
  • More control over learning content
  • Solid security using Oauth
  • Platform transition (start e-learning on a mobile device, finish it on a computer)
  • The ability to track games and simulations
  • The ability to track real-world performance
  • Team-based e-learning
  • Tracking learning plans and goals

What Is A Learning Record Store (LRS) ??

A place to store learning records.

The LRS is a new system that goes hand in hand with the Tin Can API. As Tin Can-enabled activities generate statements, they’re sent to an LRS. The LRS is simply a repository for learning records that can be accessed by an LMS or a reporting tool. An LRS can live inside an LMS, or it can stand on its Own.

See how leaning data is delivered to LRS

The data stored in an LRS can be accessed by LMSs, reporting tools, or other LRSs, and can be stored as individual learning records and/or entire transcripts. An LRS can limit who can read and write learning records, but doesn’t have to.

SCORM and other e-learning standards only store a certain amount of learning data. Tin Can allows for the LRS to store nearly everything, which means better reporting and a much more accurate picture of learners..

An LRS can live inside an LMS and use the LMS’s reporting tools to make meaning of the LRS’s data, or it can live on its own with its own reporting tools. LRSs can share data amongst themselves, so learners and data can be transferred from one organization to another. Statements can also be sent to multiple LRSs (think “I want to record my training in my own personal LRS as well as my employer’s LRS.”)